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|Maus by Art SpiegelmanRequirements:
CBR Reader, 88 MB.Overview:
Maus: A Survivor's Tale, by Art Spiegelman, is a biography of the author's father, Vladek Spiegelman, a Polish Jew and Holocaust survivor. It alternates between descriptions of Vladek's life in Poland before and during the Second World War and Vladek's later life in the Rego Park neighborhood of New York City. The work is a graphic narrative in which Jews are depicted as mice, while Germans are depicted as cats.
Maus: A Survivor's Tale
It is the only comic book ever to have won a Pulitzer Prize.
Writer(s), Artist(s) by Art SpiegelmanDownload Instructions:
Published by Apex Novelties, Pantheon Books, 1972 – 1991
The complete work was first published in two volumes: the first volume in 1986, and the second in 1991. In 1992, the work won a Pulitzer Prize Special Award. In reporting the selection of Maus for the honor, The New York Times noted that "the Pulitzer board members ... found the cartoonist's depiction of Nazi Germany hard to classify."
Maus (German for 'Mouse') took thirteen years to complete. Spiegelman's first published version of Maus was a three-page strip, printed in 1972 in Funny Aminals (cq), an underground comic published by Apex Novelties. In 1977, Spiegelman decided to lengthen the work, publishing most of the work serially in RAW magazine, a publication Spiegelman co-edited along with his wife Françoise Mouly. It was then published in its final form in two parts (Volume I: "My Father Bleeds History" in 1986 and Volume II: "And Here My Troubles Began" in 1991), before eventually being integrated into a single volume.[
Art Spiegelman, wanting to record his father's (Vladek Spiegelman) history as a graphic novel, conducts a series of interviews with him over several years. Vladek tells how German policy towards Jews slowly changed in the late 1930s, and how his well-to-do family came to suffer penury, persecution, and loss of life. Vladek tried to make the most of difficult situations in Radomsko, Częstochowa, Sosnowiec, and Bielsko. Eventually, he was sent to Auschwitz as a prisoner.
Between interviews, the novel records the contemporary (1970s-1980s) life of the Spiegelman family in the Rego Park neighborhood of New York City. In particular, it depicts Vladek's difficult personality and Art's attempt to make sense of it. Vladek exhibits racial prejudice against blacks despite his own experiences of anti-Semitism. He is exceedingly stingy and makes life very difficult for his first wife Anja (Art's mother, a concentration camp survivor who committed suicide) and his second wife Mala (also a concentration camp survivor). Art contrasts the contemporary Vladek with the historical Vladek, who he only knows indirectly through his research. He comments about the difficulties of presenting Vladek's story accurately.
Throughout Maus, Jews are represented as mice, while Germans are represented as cats. Other animals are used to represent other nationalities, religions, and races. Almost all the characters of a single "nationality" were drawn identically, with only their clothing or other details helping to distinguish between them. In making people of a single nationality look "all alike", Spiegelman hoped to show the absurdity of dividing people by these lines. In a 1991 interview, Spiegelman noted that "these metaphors... are meant to self-destruct in my book — and I think they do self-destruct."
Since its publication, Maus has been the subject of numerous essays. Deborah R. Geis published a collection of essays involving Maus titled Considering Maus: Approaches to Art Spiegelman's "Survivor's Tale" of the Holocaust.
Alan Moore praised Maus, saying "I have been convinced that Art Spiegelman is perhaps the single most important comic creator working within the field and in my opinion Maus represents his most accomplished work to date."
Maus has also been studied in schools and universities. It is used both in courses dedicated to the study of modern English literature, European History, and Jewish culture. It has been translated into 18 languages.
In 2008, Entertainment Weekly listed Maus as #7 on their list of The New Classics: Books - The 100 best reads from 1983 to 2008, making it the highest ranking graphic narrative on the list.
Maus 01 -- http://novafile.com/ub5sclnwce98
Maus 02 -- http://novafile.com/1it2g0m5557f
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